It was wrong to change Orissa to Odisha, says Prof. Panchanan Mohanty

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President of the Linguistic Society of India, also Member of the Governing Council, Indian Council of Social Science Research, Government of India, Prof. Panchanan Mohanty has unambiguously stated that, it was absolutely wrong on part of the Government to change Orissa to Odisha without application of linguistic mind and sans any reading of why the English spelling of the name of the State was Orissa. This mindless official action has made the august name of the State the butt of a ridicule,as the non-Oriyas are pronouncing it differently, he has said in addressing the State from the live platform of Bhasha Andolan in Facebook on the 7th September.

From Day one, in 2008, when this mischief to tamper with the most discernible evidence of classicism of Oriya language was conceived, the sentinel of Oriya nationalism Subhas Chandra Pattanayak has been opposing the non-Oriya design.

He had written on 7.6.2008 to the Chief Minister and to all the members of the cabinet to stop considering the proposal in the Cabinet. This Letter is reproduced below:

Dear Chief Minister,
It is wrong to change Orissa to Odisha and Oriya to Odia by replacing ‘r’ with ‘d’.

The founding fathers of Orissa had built up these spellings and hence it is unethical to muss them up like this.

On the other hand, Oriya language is a language of archaic peculiarities and here lies its beauty. The Oriya alphabet ଡ has two pronunciations. When it does not occur in the beginning of a word, it is pronounced not as ‘d’ in dock, but as ‘r’ in rock. Therefore, the alphabet ଡ appearing in the midst of the words ଓଡ଼ିଆ and ଓଡ଼ିଶା cannot be changed to ‘d’, but must be preserved with ‘r’.

I am enclosing herewith a number of scanned documents from ‘Purnachandra Oriya Bhasakosa’ and from ‘ A Practical Handbook of Oriya Language’ , which, if you please peruse, may help you in understanding why the founding fathers have spelt ଓଡ଼ିଆ as Oriya and ଓଡ଼ିଶା as Orissa.

If you are not going to use the proposed spelling change as a political ploy, please halt the agenda in this respect and please do not allow your Cabinet on June 9 to be misled by shadow conspirators against Oriya heritage.
Yours,
Subhas Chandra Pattanayak,
Journalist,
VR 32, Unit 6, Bhubaneswar 751001

ORISSA MATTERS had published this letter of immense historical importance on the day before the Cabinet under caption : THE CABINET MUST NOT MUSS UP ORISSA and many members of the Cabinet had raised their objections to the proposal on 9.6.2008. But despite that, pusillanimous they all, the Press was briefed that the decision to change Orissa to Odisha and Oriya to Odia was taken unanimously.

Pattanayak had to place the nuisance before the public under the following caption:
ORISSA IN PERIL: GOVERNMENT PLAYS HAVOC WITH HER CLASSICAL HERITAGE.

No written document on the Cabinet resolution was made available to the Press; but on 28.8.2008 the Assembly adopted a resolution to move the Government of India in this regard, basing on which, THE ORISSA (ALTERATION OF NAME) BILL, 2010 was placed before the Parliament and subsequently adopted.

Sri Pattanayak demanded that the Parliament should call back its decision on grounds shown in his editorial captioned: Indian Parliament Should Call Back Its Resolution: Archaic Richness of Orissa Shouldn’t be Spoiled; Spelling Change Conspiracy Must be Foiled.

As the President finally signed the Bill, the Chief Minister declared a State Holiday to celebrate this constitutional assault on the most visible classical peculiarity of Oriya Language and several crores of Rupees were squandered away in projecting how a great lover of Oriya language was Naveen Patnaik. Sri Pattanayak came down heavily on this State-sponsored euphoria that was, in reality, harmful to classical distinction of Oriya Language. His write-up was titled: Orissa Became Odisha: What Else Could Have Happened When Stupids Rule the Roost?

In fact, he was to be worried. Because it is he, who among all the Oriyas was the first to have raise the demand for the State to claim classical status for Oriya language in his editorial captioned SUPERIOR LANGUAGE ORIYA LANGUISHES DUE TO INFERIOR LEADERSHIP. And aptly he had apprehended that the motive behind spelling change game of 2008 was to have electoral gain in the 2009 Assembly election by hoodwinking the people under a false notion of Oriya nationalism and nothing else.

Prof. Mohanty in his address to Oriya nation on Facebook-live in the Bhasha Andolan program last Monday has given competent authenticity to the views cited supra and to ORISSA MATTERS decision to stick to Orissa and Oriya, notwithstanding the bad law – THE ORISSA (ALTERATION OF NAME) ACT, 2011. Here is the relevant extract of his speech, as placed in YouTube.

Vitality of Oriya Language essential for Orissa: Prof. Panchanan Mohanty

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Vitality of Oriya language being the mainstay of Orissa, needs deep study and evaluation, as anglicized mentality and manner sic passim the administration has seemingly atrophied it to a large extent, stated Prof. Panchanan Mohanty, eminent scholar in applied linguistics and the President of Lingustic Society of India.

He was addressing Orissa on the digital edition of Black Flag Campaign (Bhasha Andolan) that reached the 16 hundred 8th day last Monday. He strongly supported the call for both official and private administration of Orissa to perform in Oriya language, for the sole purpose of which the State had to manifest in 1936. It is sad that, the post-independence administration has kept the people devoid of their birthright to be educated and served in their mother tongue, he said. Here is his speech, also posted in bhashaandolan.com.

(Updated on 14.9.2020)

Kanak News demolishes dignity of a woman, devastates Crime Detection Environment

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Kanak News, the television channel of ruling party heavyweight Soumya Ranjan Patnaik made a farce of journalism, as it overwhelmed an apparently disadvantaged young lady with menacing leading questions on her personal life in a program that was “live”, this afternoon.

I am giving below the link to its Facebook-live assault on the dignity of the young lady.

The young lady is projected by the channel as a person with suspected link with a man whose dead-body was found in recent past on the train-tracks in the area of a railway station in Bhubaneswar.

Journalism has jumped all permissible limits in intimidating the young lady.

Crime branch of Orissa Police is investigating into the death of the person, whose body was found from the tracks to find out if its cause is suicidal or homicidal. At this stage, the Kanak News-live is a pollution in the crime detection environment besides being a serious transgression into human rights of the young lady. It warrants immediate ban on such self-styled crime-detective role of the news channel and initiation of penal action against the same for acting pseudo-CB in the matter, which is under the legal jurisdiction of the Crime Branch. It also warrants action by the Human Rights Commission against the channel for discernibly unambiguous brutal transgression into the human rights of the young woman.

The community of scribes should rise to the occasion and condemn the professional anarchy promoted thus by the Kanak News channel. When the News Broadcasting Standards Authority is created by and serves the Broadcasters Association, the Press Council of India is blatantly toothless to deal with the matter. But the Civil Society is not. Hence, the Civil Society can and should play a vital role in disciplining such rogue channels.

Now, therefore, attention to the mischief of this media, please:

କନକ ନ୍ୟୁଜରେ ‘ରହସ୍ୟମୟୀ’ ମହିଳା

#KanakNews_Exclusive #BigNews କନକ ନ୍ୟୁଜରେ ‘ରହସ୍ୟମୟୀ’ ମହିଳାଆଦିତ୍ୟଙ୍କ ସହ କିଭଳି ଥିଲା ସଂପର୍କ?ଚିହ୍ନୟୀ ମହାପାତ୍ରLIVE

Posted by Kanak News on Friday, September 4, 2020

NEP is Anti-People: FISE President Prof Amiya K. Mohanty

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President of the World Federation of Teachers’ Union (FISE), Prof. Amiya Kumar Mohanty came down heavily upon the National Education Policy 2020, as it is a design for disaster in our future generation’s right to be rightly educated.

It aims at weakening the mother tongues of the people by imposing on them an enslaving language, which would de facto destroy the possibility of education becoming the instrument of people’s emancipation, he alleged.

He was live on Bhasha Maa Paeen Pade the digital platform of Bhasha Andolan, which has been espousing the cause of Orissa’s governance in Oriya Language. Prof. Mohanty addressed the nation on day 1601 of this unique movement, which, to this eminent scholar in history, is matchless in the world.

Here is his live speech in Facebook posted in YouTube:

Disuse would push Oriya into death, warns Prof. Ajit K. Mohanty

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Joining the Bhasha Andolan Lecture Series, renowned psycholinguist and former JNU professor Dr. Ajit K. Mohanty warned on August 24 that, Oriya language shall have to be used cent per cent in management of Orissa, as otherwise, it may be lost to us for ever in the 2nd century of formation of Orissa as a separate linguistic State. Around 3000 languages out of 6,900 in the world are dying due to disuse, he informed.

Describing how disuse is destroying different laguages even at the moment, he informed, the world has now 1535 such languages wherein the number of their respective users has reduced to below 1000; to below 100 in 437 language, to below 10 in 144 languages and to one each in 18 languages.This may happen to Oriya if it remains disused, he predicted on the basis of in-depth research.

Some people may still be nurturing a confidence that Oriya being the mother tongue of around 4.5 crore of people under the sun and being a splendid language of many thousand years to become classical, may not meet any such pathetic end. But it is time to come out of the cocoon of such illusion, as severe attrition has already set in with around 71 lakh persons educated in English medium schools in the last decade unable to write in Oriya, a situation that portends the doom for Oriya language. If the officially pampered craze for english medium in education is not reversed, by the end of 2036, there would be no student in Oriya medium schools and the classical language of the present population would be surviving only in colloquial condition on its way to eventual extinction.

If the alarming situation is to change, cent per cent use of Oriya in all official, social, legal and commercial works shall have to be inviolable. To man this management, education in mother tongue must be an unquestionable must, he said.

The State must build up linguistic skill to create the essential human resources. And for this, it is essential to discard the idea of initiating primary students into education in a foreign language. In a multilingual country like ours if a 2nd language is to be taught, the responsibility would be to develop one’s native language to an advanced stage before introducing the second language. This is because, he said, learning the mother tongue at elementary level is merely intuitive and organic. Linguistic skills remain largely undeveloped unless they are honed for usability in critical thinking and formal academic settings, where one has to then use the native language for furthering imaginative and creative thought processes.

To attain a relatively sophisticated level of language acquisition, children need to use their mother tongue in classroom settings at least for five years, after which it shall become easy for them to pick up another language. But if they neglect their first language in the formative years, it will be difficult for them to get better with a second or third language later on.

Prof. Mohanty said language forms the core of every new knowledge and experience. Even the deaf have to use sign language to communicate. Not only do we express and share opinions using a language, we also think about the language itself – that is, both the self-awareness and the interpretations become subconscious endeavours, thanks to our language. Therefore, we need to have a command over the language to correctly grasp the content as well as the stylistic forms and this process needs to start with using our mother-tongue.

Why? Because it is inevitable that the children will learn the language of the family – no one can prevent them. By the time they turn five, they learn the native language – it is intrinsic. So, at this stage if parents in Odisha send children to English Medium schools, they learn English merely as a school language, not as an environmental language. At that time, it will appear as though they are imposed with another language which they can manually learn, but they can’t use to guide their thinking process.

According to Prof. Mohanty, it is wrong to send children to English Medium schools at elementary level because they invest way too much time in learning a language that is external to their natural settings. The capacity and energy to learn a foreign language will drain the students of their problem-solving skills and will promote rote memory whereby the children do not use a language in improving their lives, but rather learning a new language itself becomes the sole aim.

According to researches, students can remember using a non-native language, but they cannot understand fundamental concepts this way. In a multicultural society it is important to learn several languages, but mother tongue becomes the biggest strength for the children as that will help them to think about language, rather seamlessly and effortlessly.

Researches conducted by Prof. Mohanty indicate that more the number of years students have spent learning in Odia, easier it has been for them to learn in English, and not vice versa.

Unfortunately, these days as more English Medium schools are being promoted everywhere in our state, expressing love for Odia language has been reduced to merely a political declaration. True love for the language has to involve abundant usage of it. Out of 49 lakhs students in English Medium schools (ranging 6-18 years old), almost 22 lakhs are unable to write in Odia. This disuse of language will eventually lead to language attrition and looking at the rapidly shifting statistics in favour of English Medium schools across rural-urban settings, it will not be very surprising if around 2036 (after 100 years of formation of our state on linguistic basis), there shall not be any native user of Odia left anymore.

To keep the language alive let alone thriving, it is therefore critical that we ensure that our educational settings as well as administrative ones use Odia in everyday communication and our readership for Odia newspapers and books increase in the process. We have to treasure the remarkable Odia literature of the past as well make promising strides in ensuring that we continue producing Odia readers, speakers, and writers. After all, a language is only as viable and authentic as its users. We put below the speech of Prof. Mohanty for the world of Oriyas to watch and cogitate.

Oriya Language created Orissa and therefore Orissa must be ruled by Oriya Language

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik seems to have developed a wrong notion that governance of Orissa in Oriya depends upon his mercy. His press-note of December 17 and full page display advertisement in major broadsheets of today force us to arrive at this apprehension.

In his December 17 press note it was declared that he had held a meeting with the five members of the ministerial committee on that day for the purpose of “strictly implementing the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954 in official and non-official level” to facilitate which a website has been floated by the government. In the full page multi-color advertisement in broadsheet dailies today, this is intriguingly missing.

The advertisement is designed to tell the people that Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has taken historical steps to save and develop Oriya language, and has enumerated the steps he has taken. This is blatant lie. Neither he nor his government has executed any single item claimed to be “historical” in the official advertisement. The entire advertisement is nothing but false propaganda. What a shame it is, that, the people of Orissa are taken for granted by their Chief Minister! Read more →

Navakalevara: Legends and reality

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Legends are the most misguiding mischief aimed at superimposing lies on reality so that indigenous people of an occupied land are kept too dazzled to see the dark face of the rulers and the class of exploiters can keep its victims subjugated to its authority, while forcing them to forget the heroic history of evolution of their own philosophy of life, their own splendid spiritual realizations, their own socio-economic uniqueness, their own ancient culture, their own valorous past, their own way of social integration and their own civilization.

We see this mischief galore in the context of Navakalevara of SriJagannatha.

So, here, we are to rip apart the legends and bring the reality of the Navakalevara to light, as thereby alone we can reach the lost uniqueness of the people of Orissa.

We will use Puri Sankaracharya’s self-proclaimed authority over Navakalevara to proceed with our purpose.

  Read more →

Samaja in Maze of Forgery: Two former Ministers of Orissa – Lingaraj Mishra & Radhanath Rath forged the WILL of Gopabandhu; Both benefitted till their death; SoPS continues to Loot

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The Oriya daily SAMAJA founded by late Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das, to which, out of their love and reverence for the great humanitarian leader, the people of Orissa had and have been giving their financial and moral support, is in a menacing maze of forgery and loot.

Sadly, two of Gopabandhu’s trusted men – Lingaraj Mishra and Radhanath Rath – who, because of being known so, had the opportunity of becoming cabinet ministers in Orissa, were the masterminds and/or makers of the forgery from which the paper is yet to be salvaged.

Both of them – Lingaraj and Radhanath – had partnered with each other in forging the last WILL of Gopabandhu to grab the Samaja, which being Gopabandhu’s paper was of superb credibility and the greatest political instrument of the day. They had performed this crime behind the screen of and in nexus with Servants of the People Society (SoPS), of which, while breathing his last, Gopabandhu was the Vice-President. Read more →