Disuse would push Oriya into death, warns Prof. Ajit K. Mohanty


Joining the Bhasha Andolan Lecture Series, renowned psycholinguist and former JNU professor Dr. Ajit K. Mohanty warned on August 24 that, Oriya language shall have to be used cent per cent in management of Orissa, as otherwise, it may be lost to us for ever in the 2nd century of formation of Orissa as a separate linguistic State. Around 3000 languages out of 6,900 in the world are dying due to disuse, he informed.

Describing how disuse is destroying different laguages even at the moment, he informed, the world has now 1535 such languages wherein the number of their respective users has reduced to below 1000; to below 100 in 437 language, to below 10 in 144 languages and to one each in 18 languages.This may happen to Oriya if it remains disused, he predicted on the basis of in-depth research.

Some people may still be nurturing a confidence that Oriya being the mother tongue of around 4.5 crore of people under the sun and being a splendid language of many thousand years to become classical, may not meet any such pathetic end. But it is time to come out of the cocoon of such illusion, as severe attrition has already set in with around 71 lakh persons educated in English medium schools in the last decade unable to write in Oriya, a situation that portends the doom for Oriya language. If the officially pampered craze for english medium in education is not reversed, by the end of 2036, there would be no student in Oriya medium schools and the classical language of the present population would be surviving only in colloquial condition on its way to eventual extinction.

If the alarming situation is to change, cent per cent use of Oriya in all official, social, legal and commercial works shall have to be inviolable. To man this management, education in mother tongue must be an unquestionable must, he said.

The State must build up linguistic skill to create the essential human resources. And for this, it is essential to discard the idea of initiating primary students into education in a foreign language. In a multilingual country like ours if a 2nd language is to be taught, the responsibility would be to develop one’s native language to an advanced stage before introducing the second language. This is because, he said, learning the mother tongue at elementary level is merely intuitive and organic. Linguistic skills remain largely undeveloped unless they are honed for usability in critical thinking and formal academic settings, where one has to then use the native language for furthering imaginative and creative thought processes.

To attain a relatively sophisticated level of language acquisition, children need to use their mother tongue in classroom settings at least for five years, after which it shall become easy for them to pick up another language. But if they neglect their first language in the formative years, it will be difficult for them to get better with a second or third language later on.

Prof. Mohanty said language forms the core of every new knowledge and experience. Even the deaf have to use sign language to communicate. Not only do we express and share opinions using a language, we also think about the language itself – that is, both the self-awareness and the interpretations become subconscious endeavours, thanks to our language. Therefore, we need to have a command over the language to correctly grasp the content as well as the stylistic forms and this process needs to start with using our mother-tongue.

Why? Because it is inevitable that the children will learn the language of the family – no one can prevent them. By the time they turn five, they learn the native language – it is intrinsic. So, at this stage if parents in Odisha send children to English Medium schools, they learn English merely as a school language, not as an environmental language. At that time, it will appear as though they are imposed with another language which they can manually learn, but they can’t use to guide their thinking process.

According to Prof. Mohanty, it is wrong to send children to English Medium schools at elementary level because they invest way too much time in learning a language that is external to their natural settings. The capacity and energy to learn a foreign language will drain the students of their problem-solving skills and will promote rote memory whereby the children do not use a language in improving their lives, but rather learning a new language itself becomes the sole aim.

According to researches, students can remember using a non-native language, but they cannot understand fundamental concepts this way. In a multicultural society it is important to learn several languages, but mother tongue becomes the biggest strength for the children as that will help them to think about language, rather seamlessly and effortlessly.

Researches conducted by Prof. Mohanty indicate that more the number of years students have spent learning in Odia, easier it has been for them to learn in English, and not vice versa.

Unfortunately, these days as more English Medium schools are being promoted everywhere in our state, expressing love for Odia language has been reduced to merely a political declaration. True love for the language has to involve abundant usage of it. Out of 49 lakhs students in English Medium schools (ranging 6-18 years old), almost 22 lakhs are unable to write in Odia. This disuse of language will eventually lead to language attrition and looking at the rapidly shifting statistics in favour of English Medium schools across rural-urban settings, it will not be very surprising if around 2036 (after 100 years of formation of our state on linguistic basis), there shall not be any native user of Odia left anymore.

To keep the language alive let alone thriving, it is therefore critical that we ensure that our educational settings as well as administrative ones use Odia in everyday communication and our readership for Odia newspapers and books increase in the process. We have to treasure the remarkable Odia literature of the past as well make promising strides in ensuring that we continue producing Odia readers, speakers, and writers. After all, a language is only as viable and authentic as its users. We put below the speech of Prof. Mohanty for the world of Oriyas to watch and cogitate.

Utkarsha Business Solutions to help small-scale Startups


A combine of young committed chartered accountants has started functioning in Orissa under the banner of Utkarsha Business Solutions (UBS) to help small-scale Startups and have launched a digital journal in Oriya styled Abhyudaya, on August 15, the auspicious day of Independence.
Every business is a Startup, irrespective of its size and level of growth, says the combine chief Ranjan Kumar Sahoo.

Small scale Startups (business) are the present and future of the economy, he states. They contribute significantly to the economy in terms of GDP and employ ability. But, due to unavailability of proper guidance, most Startups face untimely death.

On careful analysis of many such Startups UBS has found that, there is a starving need for mentoring or hand-holding of Startups.

In absence of professional guidance,UBS says, they face many challenges viz. cash flow management, working capital management, product marketing, digital transformation, brand building, strategic thinking, market study, competitor analysis, customer behavior analysis, price fixation, cost cutting, internal control, turnover growth, quality control, employee management and the list goes on. This happens in-spite of all the good wishes of the entrepreneur / businessman to excel in business and make an impact in the society.

Therefore, the young CAs at UBS are determined to fill this gap. “We don’t allow our clients to hit untimely death and at the same time frame a flan of action to excel” asserts the policy statement of the combine.

UBS espouses various innovative models like Fail-Not Model(FNM), Think-Do Model(TDM), Customer Empathy Model (CEM), Business Honesty Model(BHM), Business Priority Model(BPM) etc.

In today’s VUCA (Volatility, Uncertainty, Complexity and Ambiguity) world, every business has to think and re-think constantly on their SWOT (Strength, Weakness and Opportunity and Threat), just like an enthusiastic Startup, they say.

“We provide well designed customized service to our clients, after getting behind the eyeball of the entrepreneur through our Listen-Most Model (LMM)”, the inaugural announcement of UBS declares.

There is no wrong time to take right action, says Sri Sahoo.

The Interview that had forced the Govt. to amend Orissa Official Language Act

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

A government-insider gives me the real reason of why Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik promulgated an Ordinance on 21 May 2016 to insert Sec.5, as proposed in my draft legislation, by amending the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954, the very next day of the Assembly standing proprogued.

To our assumption so far, it was Bhasha Andolan that had forced the Govt. to bend. “This is partially correct, but not the major truth”, he says. Had the CM cared for the campaign, a Bill in this regard could have been moved in the Assembly during the session”, he maintains. Then, what is the reason? -I ask. “Your interview to Metro Tv”, he says.

The representative of Metro Tv Bureau, Sri Debasis Behura had interviewed me in my study on 11 May 2016, which as per this information, the Inelligence had brought to the attention of the CM on May 16 and its impact had made the CM ask immidiately as to what extent my proposal could be accommodated.

Taking advantage of this eagerness of the CM, my friend informs, the mandarines of whom he was also a part,cooked up a conspiracy to foil my proposed Legislation and created a confusing climate, wherein the CM would know that my proposal was being given the legal form, but, in reality, he would stay too confused to read the buearocratic agenda of drafting the matter for an Ordinance, instead of a Bill in the Assembly. And, therefore, he says, the Ordinance was a masterpiece of manipulation wherein Section 4 (1) of my proposed legislation, after due vetting by the Law department, got numbered as Section 5 and an unauthorised text was placed in Sec.4 created by the Ordinance by tampering the Law department’s approval.

Though I have demanded repeal of this Section 4 because of its questionable tenor, and my friends in Bhasha Andolan had stood with me till they succumbed to their own avarice and Supari from the CM, this reason of insertion of Section 4 in the Ordinance was a secret, which this friend has unveiled.

In view of this, the Metro TV interview has immense historical importance in the life of Oriya as Official Language and needs be preserved.

It needs be noted that, my version in Capital Khatti – a milestone depiction in support of Black Flag Campaign – was severely tampered with and finally suppressed by Kalinga TV, its owner, for reasons best known to the channel. Had I not put it on youtube.com before the channel played the mischief, I am afraid this important episode would certainly have been lost to the public.

With this experience in mind, I have taken this Metro Tv interview into the YouTube channel of ORISSA MATTERS, yesterday. While doind so, I have updated its content in its analytics to the effect that, the resolution moved by Pt. Laxminarayan Mishra in the Assembly on 1 April 1948 was not pressed by him due to the stiff opposition from the Mahtab-led interim Government, the living spirit of which had led to enactment of Orissa Official Language Act, in the First Assembly after enforcement of the Constitution of India.

Here is this historic interview:

We must save our Mother Tongue: Eminent Essayist Baishnab Charan Mohanty


Noteworthy thinker and essayist Baishnab Charan Mohanty observed that, inclement attitude of administration and lackadaisical concern of persons in Orissa politics are the main factors behind the loss of primacy of Oriya language in Orissa.
Addressing the people live from the digital platform of Bhasha Andolan, Bhasha Maapain Pade, he pointed out that the beloved mother tongue of the people has been pushed into atrophy, because of the State’s blatant failure to retain its utility-stamina, with the Orissa Official Language Act kept deliberately dormant.

The movement’s Black Flag Campaign having been kept in abeyance in view of COVID19, Facebook-Live has been adopted as its new method and eminent Oriyas have been supporting the campaign through this media every Monday at 10 AM.

Here is the speech of Sri Mohanty:

Honor the Law proposed by the Founder of Bhasha Andolan: Prof. Harihar Kanungo

Addressing Orissa in the matter of its governance in Oriya language, the purpose for which the province was created, former Director of Odia Bhasha Pratisthan and eminent scholar on Jagannath Cult, Prof. Harihar Kanungo observed that the Law proposed by the founder of Bhasha Andolan, Subhas Chandra Pattanayak should be honored, in order to remove all obstacles from the path of implementation of the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954. This movement is the movement of Oriya identity, he maintained.

Below is his speech, which was live in ‘Bhasha Maapain Pade’ page of Facebook, which is the digital page of its celebrated Black Flag Campaign that reached 1580 days today, the like of which is seen nowhere in the world.

Oriya Language created Orissa and therefore Orissa must be ruled by Oriya Language

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik seems to have developed a wrong notion that governance of Orissa in Oriya depends upon his mercy. His press-note of December 17 and full page display advertisement in major broadsheets of today force us to arrive at this apprehension.

In his December 17 press note it was declared that he had held a meeting with the five members of the ministerial committee on that day for the purpose of “strictly implementing the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954 in official and non-official level” to facilitate which a website has been floated by the government. In the full page multi-color advertisement in broadsheet dailies today, this is intriguingly missing.

The advertisement is designed to tell the people that Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has taken historical steps to save and develop Oriya language, and has enumerated the steps he has taken. This is blatant lie. Neither he nor his government has executed any single item claimed to be “historical” in the official advertisement. The entire advertisement is nothing but false propaganda. What a shame it is, that, the people of Orissa are taken for granted by their Chief Minister! Read more →

Navakalevara: Legends and reality

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Legends are the most misguiding mischief aimed at superimposing lies on reality so that indigenous people of an occupied land are kept too dazzled to see the dark face of the rulers and the class of exploiters can keep its victims subjugated to its authority, while forcing them to forget the heroic history of evolution of their own philosophy of life, their own splendid spiritual realizations, their own socio-economic uniqueness, their own ancient culture, their own valorous past, their own way of social integration and their own civilization.

We see this mischief galore in the context of Navakalevara of SriJagannatha.

So, here, we are to rip apart the legends and bring the reality of the Navakalevara to light, as thereby alone we can reach the lost uniqueness of the people of Orissa.

We will use Puri Sankaracharya’s self-proclaimed authority over Navakalevara to proceed with our purpose.

  Read more →

Samaja in Maze of Forgery: Two former Ministers of Orissa – Lingaraj Mishra & Radhanath Rath forged the WILL of Gopabandhu; Both benefitted till their death; SoPS continues to Loot

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The Oriya daily SAMAJA founded by late Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das, to which, out of their love and reverence for the great humanitarian leader, the people of Orissa had and have been giving their financial and moral support, is in a menacing maze of forgery and loot.

Sadly, two of Gopabandhu’s trusted men – Lingaraj Mishra and Radhanath Rath – who, because of being known so, had the opportunity of becoming cabinet ministers in Orissa, were the masterminds and/or makers of the forgery from which the paper is yet to be salvaged.

Both of them – Lingaraj and Radhanath – had partnered with each other in forging the last WILL of Gopabandhu to grab the Samaja, which being Gopabandhu’s paper was of superb credibility and the greatest political instrument of the day. They had performed this crime behind the screen of and in nexus with Servants of the People Society (SoPS), of which, while breathing his last, Gopabandhu was the Vice-President. Read more →