Incentive is official bribe: Impact study necessary

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Orissa administration is infected with a new virus called incentive. Without application of collective mind and impact study, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has been injecting this virus into various organs of administration. The latest is reward to Doctors and paramedical staff.

Announcing cash awards of Rs.10 lakhs and Rs.5 lakhs per Doctor and paramedics respectively, a note from CMO says, “A committee comprising experts in health service, will identify the dedicated doctors and other persons to get cash award.”

Doctors are getting their handsome salaries to serve the patients and if many of them fail to render the expected service, responsible must be the anarchy in administration. Private practitioners have always been supported by their godfathers in the Secretariat in bagging lucrative posts in important nerve center hospitals, as would be seen in rampant contravention of the norm of transfer codified in the department of health. A good many numbers of eminent doctors have resigned in disgust and gone on volunteer retirement in protest against malpractice in matter of transfer and posting.

The Chief Minister has not yet caused a public-participated study to ascertain what really ails the medical service system in the State. How could he come to decide that his announced cash award would bring in the necessary remedy?

Transfer and posting of Doctors is a main factor of dissatisfaction that severely affect their zeal to stay dedicated to their work. My report Venality may be a Factor: An Instance for Study by the Health Minister was a pointer to this syndrome, which had led to an investigation and as a result thereof as many as 448 Doctors on long unauthorized absence were listed to be dismissed. Only a second official investigation can reveal – who escaped the government action and how. As far as I know, fellows with their godfathers in the Secretariat had escaped the action by joining new posts on promotion.

Medical Colleges being very lucrative to faculties more interested in private practice, situation being unmanageable,as shown in the linked article, the government had to codify a transparent policy of transfer under Notification No.22051 dated 30.8.2017. At B (i) of this Notification it has been stipulated that, “Any post in which the incumbent has completed 3 years in any college, will be considered as vacant.” And, if anything could be stated with emphasis, I deem it proper to report that, this Norm is more conspicuous by its violation than implementation.

This seriously suggests that the government under Sri Naveen Patnaik has blatantly failed to ensure proper administration official norms and discipline in the health department, as a result of which good Doctors have taken volunteer retirement and left their services in sheer disgust with the rest of many dedicated Doctors suffering irretrievable loss of zeal.

Its remedy lies in elimination of the environment of godfather’s reign in the secretariat and never in the misconceived cash award announced by the Chief Minister. The notion of incentive is absolutely wrong, inasmuch as every paid worker, be he a Doctor or a secretary, is bound to render his assigned service in failure of which disciplinary action is the only action mooted and provided for in the law.

Better be it appreciated that, cash incentive to a paid servant is nothing but official bribe given to the said servant to obtain from him/her the service the people have been paying for. We stress upon a deep study of the impact of this nuisance on other segments of administration, before the government proceed ahead with this announcement.

GUY WINT that day and WE today

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Held as the “first comprehensive study of the Indian Communist Party which has appeared in this or any other country” THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA: A SHORT HISTORY, authored by M.R.Masani and published by Derek Verschoyle, London in association with the Institute of Pacific Relations in 1954, has a brilliant introduction by the famous journalist, researcher and author Guy Wint. I am quoting a few lines from this introduction.

It notes:

“The contemporary history of Asia is strongly dramatic. In the two great land masses, India and China, new orders of government and society came into existence within two years of one another. In India, the Congress State succeeded the British Raj in 1947. In China two years later the Communist Party became masters of the whole country, and dedicated it to the principles of Marxism, Leninism and Stalinism as interpreted by Mao Tse-Tung.”

After a few precise words to define the differences between the two respective approaches, it says:

“Though India and China are thus in contrast – India the great example of liberalism in Asia, China the first full-fledged example of Asian Communism – they have one characteristic in common. In neither can it be the aim of government simply to keep an existing social machine in smooth function. In each country the urgent need is for a radical transformation; and the governments are under immense pressure to make themselves responsible for bringing this about. The bane of both countries is poverty and technical and industrial backwardness. The demand of all the educated classes is that this state of affairs should be brought to an end.”

And he says:

“Whichever country shows the more impressive economic progress, India or China, is likely to be accepted as the social, and perhaps the political, leader of Asia.”

Against this background, if voting rights in International Monetary Fund is any indicator, with the last reform in 2016, China has an increase from 3.8 per cent to 6 per cent, when India’s has increased to 2.6 per cent from the 2.3 per cent.

Now in 2019, China is almost 4.61 times richer than India in nominal method and 2.30 times richer in ppp method. Per capita rank of China and India is 72th and 145th, respectively in nominal ; and 75th and 126th, respectively in ppp. As per IMF reading (28 Aug 2019), during the period from 1961 to 2018, China grew by more than 10% in 22 years while India never, according to statisticstimes.com.

In other parameters, China has enormously developed in comparison with India. When a study (Blumenthal and Hsiao, 2005) over a period from approximately 1950 and 1990 shows that life expectancy almost doubled (rising from 35 to 68 years) with a dramatic drop in infant mortality (falling from 200 to 34 per 1,000 live births), neonatal mortality, according to a 2012 study, is 9% in China as against 31% in India.

A research work coauthored by Sai Ma and Neeraj Sood captioned “A Comparison of the Health Systems in China and India” (RAND Corporation occasional paper series) has dealt with the subject from late 1940s to 1980s. It shows, during this period, health gains in China became “substantial”, whereas in India it remained moderate. This was because, they note, priority was given in China to preventive care and health education, whereas in India priority was given to curative care.

From early 1980s to early 2000s, according to this study, chronic diseases replaced infectious diseases as top causes of death in China; whereas in India, infectious diseases remain the top cause of death; HIV/AIDS spreading aggressively.

This well documented study further shows that, from early 2000s to present (2008), when in policy context, China works upon health system reform, no clear action is discernible to have been taken India.

In the parameter of adult literacy, China stands with 96.4%, India is far below at 71%, according to data in theguardian.com (16 Sept.2014).

If general health of the country makes its sports scenario healthy, the best proof is the number of medals in Olympics. In London Olympics, India got only 6 medals when China topped with 88.

I think, this position, in the context of Guy Wint’s views quoted supra, makes it clear that, adoption of a non-communist path has distanced India from the prosperity we could have achieved.

Theft of Official Document on Classical Oriya: Important Contributor demands CBI Inquiry

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The President of India has been pleased to award Certificate of Honour,2019 to Pandit Antaryami Mishra for Classical Odia. He has made splendid contributions to preparation of the Official document.

On 15 7 2017, in his Dhenkanal residence , Pandit Mishra had thrown light on how the then Director of the State’s Institute of Language (Odia Bhasha Pratisthan) and Secretary of Orissa Academy of Letters (Odisha Sahitya Akademi) had helped Dr. Debi Prasanna Pattanayak and Subrat Prusty in theft of the official document.

He had stressed upon a CBI inquiry into the matter for revelation of the truth.

The worst sort of cultural farce is discernible in Prusty’s selection for Maharshi Badrayan Vyas Samman 2019 for Classical Odia, when the Government of Orissa is sleeping over the Report of its Institute of Odia Language that the copy right of government over its Classical Odia document has been entirely violated by a private organisation in which Prusty is involved.

As per the norm, Prusty has no merit to be considered for the award.

The President of India as well as the Secretary, MHRD, Government of India are informed of this mischief.

Bapu! I love you, because of your love for the mother tongue

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Dearest Bapu, on the occasion of your seventieth birthday in 1939, Albert Einstein had told the world about you in the following words:

“A leader of his people, unsupported by any outward authority; a politician whose success rests not upon craft nor the mastery of technical devices, but simply on the convincing power of his personality; a victorious fighter who has always scorned the use of force; a man of wisdom and humility, armed with resolve and inflexible consistency, who has devoted all his strength to the uplifting of his people and the betterment of their lot; a man who has confronted the brutality of Europe with the dignity of the simple human being, and thus at all time risen superior.
Generations to come, it may be, will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth” (Albert Einstein, Out of My Later Years, New York, Philosophical Library, 1950).

On your 150th birthday, these words of Einstein appear very true to me, as I wander, if a man like you in flesh and blood really walked upon our soil that has become sore with rejection of all the dreams and ideals you had fought for.

But dear Bapu, exactly as he had observed, “with resolve and inflexible consistency”, we, in Bhasha Andolan, Orissa, have been fighting for managing our Province in our mother tongue Oriya. The anglicized administration has notoriously subjugated us to English and in order to make it permanent, has atrophied the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954 by wrongful insertion of malicious sections, i.e. Section 4 and Section 4A that aims at eliminating our right to run our State in our mother tongue in its entirety.

When, dear Bapu, our ancestors had been fighting for the creation of our province on the basis of our Language, you had supported our demand by saying, “This fine race (the Oriya race) cannot possibly make the natural advance which is its due, if it is kept split up into four divisions for no sound reason” with a strong political observation that our demand for a separate province to be run in our language, “raises the large question of redistribution on linguistic basis” (Young India, 18 Feb.1920).

India is now in an internecine battle over the imposition of Hindi as National Language, as it is anathema to the southern part of the country as well as to us, majority in Orissa, who have been fighting for office work in our mother tongue.

It is you, who had argued that national tongue should not have any domination over the provincial languages. Rather it should be made to have its foundation on the provincial tongue.
You had said,

“Provincial tongue provided the sure foundation on which the edifice of the national tongue should rest” (Harijan 18.8.1946).

Education in mother tongue
will make ignorant women folk educated

Dear Bapu, your stress on learning in the mother tongue was meant to make our rural mothers and sisters rise over ignorance by interacting with the kids getting education in the language they know. Thus had you said:

“What they [students] learn through the mother tongue,they would easily be able to communicate to their mothers and sisters at home and thereby bring the latter into line with themselves. Woman had been described as man’s better half. Today there was a hiatus between the thought world of men and women respectively in India, thanks to the intrusion of the foreign medium. Our women folk were backward and ignorant with the result that, India is today like a patient with paralysis of the better side. India could not realise her full stature unless that handicap was removed” (Ibid).

The time wasted over English

As I go through your views on the language of our people, dear Bapu, I find a philosophy that is uniquely your on the mother tongue. In a letter to Ranchhodlal Patwari on 10.6.1915, you had said,

“Sankar had learned all the languages of India. Vallabh, who belonged to the land of the Dravids, had learnt Gujurati. There are at present hundreds of Gujuratis in Madras who know Tamil. …..It is easy to acquire such proficiency in languages. The time wasted over English will, if saved, be sufficient for the purpose of these other languages.”

English makes us foreigners in our own land

Dearest Bapu, your speech at Banaras Hindu University was no less a canon for us on language, which, sadly, post-independence elitist euphoria has suppressed. I am quoting it from a live report:

“I am hoping that the University will see to it that the youth who come to it will receive their instruction through the medium of their vernaculars. Our language is the reflection of ourselves, and if you tell me that our languages are too poor to express the best thought, then I say that the sooner we are wiped out of existence, the better for us. Is there a man who dreams that English can ever become the national language of India? (Cries of “Never”). Why this handicap on the nation? Just consider for one moment what an unequal race our lads have to run with every English lad. I had the privilege of a close conversation with some Poona Professors. They assured me that, every Indian youth, because he reached his knowledge through the English language,lost at least six precious years of life. Multiply that by the number of students turned out by our schools and colleges and find out for yourselves how many thousand years have been lost to the nation. The charge against us is, that we have no initiative. How can we have any if we are to devote the precious years of our life to the mastery of a foreign language? We fail in this attempt also.

I have heard it said that after all it is English-educated India which is leading and which is doing all the things for the nation. It would be monstrous if it was otherwise. The only education we receive is English education. Surely we must show something for it. But suppose that we had been receiving during the past fifty years education through our vernaculars, what should we have had today? We should have today a free India, we should have our educated men, not as if they were foreigners in their own land but speaking to the heart of our nation;they would be working amongst the poorest of the poor, and whatever they would have gained during the past 50 years would be a heritage for the nation(applause). Today even our wives are not sharers in our thought” (Speech at Banares Hindu University 6.2.1916, Collected works, 13, p.211-12).

Fondness for English detrimental to Swaraj

Your views, dear Bapu, were unambiguously clear on how ‘Our system of education’ was detrimental to achievement off Swaraj. You had, in introducing the ‘Gurukul Number’ of Satdharma Prachark Patrika, wrote on 24.3.1917,

“I am convinced that, as long as we are not free of our fondness for English, we cannot achieve real Swaraj. ……………..And, millions of our brethren who are never likely to learn English will be reduced to slaves and an unbridgeable gulf will form between them and the English educated”.

Wrong to assume works shall stop sans English

“Looking at the educated section of our population, one is likely to gain the impression that, in the absence of English, all our works shall come to a stop. But deeper reflection will show that, English cannot, and ought not to, become our national language”,

you had said in your speech at the 2nd Gujurat Educational Conference 20.10.1917.

Country’s misfortune

Coming heavily down upon the controversy the elite class was raising against education in vernacular language, you had said,

“Learning a language is certainly very useful. It also helps in one’s mental growth. But the present practice of teaching the pupils compulsorily through English must be stopped now. The mother tongue should be given proper importance and its development encouraged. It is our country’s misfortune that this plain truth has become the subject of a heated controversy” (A letter dt.23.7.1947 (Bihar Pachhi, Delhi, p.391).

Education in mother tongue

And, your speech at Karachi in the reception given to you on March 2,1916, furthered your philosophy on language. You had said,

“Everyone should receive education through the mother tongue, giving to a foreign language the place merely of an optional subject. No other language can ever influence our life as powerfully as the mother tongue can”.

National suicide

Dearest Bapu, none but you could have said the truth as truthfully as you said on 1.2.1917 in your introduction to the work of P.J.Mehta captioned “vernaculars as media of education in Indian Schools and Colleges”, that underlined,

“The question of vernaculars as the medium of instruction is of national importance; neglect of the vernacular means national suicide.”

I love you, Bapu, for your love for the mother tongue more than even the emancipation you have given us. Every day be the day of birth dear Bapu.

Demonetization started the economic slump: CPI

The National Executive Committee of the Communist Party of India has formulated its views on the economic slowdown, which India is being forced to face.Eminent trade-unionist and member of the Party’s National Executive Sri Rama Krushna Panda has shared the same, which we feel very relevant in public interest. Here we quote him:

The Indian economy is in shambles. The National Executive of the Communist Party of India discussed at length the causes of crippling slowdown. The meeting underlined the fact that the slowdown in the economy is in fact, due to demonetization that removed liquidity from the market and from then onward started the economic slump.

Crores of jobs in the unorganized sector have been lost, the real estate sector was ruined, the micro, small and medium industries were forced to close down their businesses and the rural economy was badly hit which is yet to recover even after three years.

The manufacturing sector has shown a mere 0.6 percent growth and if the negative growth in the unorganized sector is taken into account, the GDP growth would be hardly 1%, as per the experts.

The ill-timed introduction of GST and its faulty implementation immediately after the mammoth shock of demonetization have further added fuel to fire, bringing thereby the economy on a downward spiral.

The economic crisis which began with demonetization and faulty implementation of GST has broken the backbone of the economy from which the country is yet to recover even partially.

The National Executive meeting felt that the revival in the economy can come about, only if the rural economy is boosted and the purchasing power of the population is enhanced.

The problem is on the demand side and not on the supply side and hence, unless it is addressed, providing stimulus to revive agriculture and improvement of rural economy, the measures announced by the Government will not be able to bring the economy back to its rails. On the other hand, we will soon face recession and deceleration. Many of the industries have already started announcing “non-production” days and started closing down their factories. This will make thousands more jobless. Already the unemployment problem is at its peak and the country has not seen such a kind of problem in the last 45 years.

The National Executive felt that subsequent policy measures aimed at pampering the corporate houses with the hope that such moves will boost growth not only misfired but also pushed the economy into deep crisis.

Taking note of the grave crisis in the economy and all-out attempts by Modi Government to divert the attention of the people from their burning issues, the meeting urged upon all party units to mobilize all sections of people and rally against the pro-corporate anti-people policies of the government.

All India Protest by Left

The National Executive while appreciating the joint initiative of the Left parties to hold a week-long protest from October 10, 2019 made it clear that it is going to be a prolonged strenuous struggle and urged the party units to prepare the masses under the Left banner along will all other democratic forces for such a long and fierce struggle.

Oriya Language created Orissa and therefore Orissa must be ruled by Oriya Language

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik seems to have developed a wrong notion that governance of Orissa in Oriya depends upon his mercy. His press-note of December 17 and full page display advertisement in major broadsheets of today force us to arrive at this apprehension.

In his December 17 press note it was declared that he had held a meeting with the five members of the ministerial committee on that day for the purpose of “strictly implementing the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954 in official and non-official level” to facilitate which a website has been floated by the government. In the full page multi-color advertisement in broadsheet dailies today, this is intriguingly missing.

The advertisement is designed to tell the people that Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has taken historical steps to save and develop Oriya language, and has enumerated the steps he has taken. This is blatant lie. Neither he nor his government has executed any single item claimed to be “historical” in the official advertisement. The entire advertisement is nothing but false propaganda. What a shame it is, that, the people of Orissa are taken for granted by their Chief Minister! Read more →

Navakalevara: Legends and reality

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Legends are the most misguiding mischief aimed at superimposing lies on reality so that indigenous people of an occupied land are kept too dazzled to see the dark face of the rulers and the class of exploiters can keep its victims subjugated to its authority, while forcing them to forget the heroic history of evolution of their own philosophy of life, their own splendid spiritual realizations, their own socio-economic uniqueness, their own ancient culture, their own valorous past, their own way of social integration and their own civilization.

We see this mischief galore in the context of Navakalevara of SriJagannatha.

So, here, we are to rip apart the legends and bring the reality of the Navakalevara to light, as thereby alone we can reach the lost uniqueness of the people of Orissa.

We will use Puri Sankaracharya’s self-proclaimed authority over Navakalevara to proceed with our purpose.

  Read more →

Samaja in Maze of Forgery: Two former Ministers of Orissa – Lingaraj Mishra & Radhanath Rath forged the WILL of Gopabandhu; Both benefitted till their death; SoPS continues to Loot

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The Oriya daily SAMAJA founded by late Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das, to which, out of their love and reverence for the great humanitarian leader, the people of Orissa had and have been giving their financial and moral support, is in a menacing maze of forgery and loot.

Sadly, two of Gopabandhu’s trusted men – Lingaraj Mishra and Radhanath Rath – who, because of being known so, had the opportunity of becoming cabinet ministers in Orissa, were the masterminds and/or makers of the forgery from which the paper is yet to be salvaged.

Both of them – Lingaraj and Radhanath – had partnered with each other in forging the last WILL of Gopabandhu to grab the Samaja, which being Gopabandhu’s paper was of superb credibility and the greatest political instrument of the day. They had performed this crime behind the screen of and in nexus with Servants of the People Society (SoPS), of which, while breathing his last, Gopabandhu was the Vice-President. Read more →