Documentation on Orissa’s Language Movement Released

OM reporter

anthemA documentation on Orissa’s unique language movement for governance of the State in mother tongue Oriya was to be released.The function commenced with floral respect paid to the Anthem of Bhasha AndolanJANMANI JANMANI BHASHA JANANI and recitation of Vedic hymns and Orissa’s State Anthem – BANDE UTKALA JANANI, with Bhasha Andolan Chairman Subhas Chandra Pattanayak in the Chair.


In releasing the book in the auditorium of Institute of Engineers, Bhubaneswar on Wednesday Sambad editor Soumya Ranjan Pattanayak said that the Government should heed to the justified demand of Bhasha Andolan, Orissa for punishment to whosoever contravenes the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954. The people have the right to be governed in their mother tongue and the government cannot deny them this right.

cover-of-bhasa-painThe book is captioned BHASHA PAI’N GANA O GANAMADHYMA (The People and the Press for the Mother Tongue). It is compiled by News Insight Editor Sagar Satpathy and published by Shabdasparsha, Bhubaneswar. It contains all relevant articles in support of the Bhasha Andolan published till August 9, 2016, the day of its publication and also the pictures of the daily black flag demonstration along with press clippings till then. All, who raised the black flag – the flag of Orissa’s unique struggle for freedom from the English Raj – will find their names in the article ORIYA BHASHA O GANAMADHYAMA authored by the Andolan President Sri Pradyumna Satpathy, who leads the black-flag march every day, emitting inspiring pride over being an Oriya. This article has enhanced the historic value of the compilation, which is, according to the publisher, the first part of a series to be published on the movement.

7When due to this movement, the government amended the Act to acquire power to frame the Rules, it should have included the penalty clause in the said amendment, said Sri Soumya Ranjan Patnaik in his speech. Opining that the people in the rural Orissa need be told of the official treachery against their mother tongue, he declared to continue his full support to the movement, though he wished the movement to stop soon on success. “Bhasha Nahin Ta Vote Nahin” (No Vote, if no Governance in Oriya), should be the new call, he said. He admired the way Orissa’s language newspapers and electronic media have supported the Bhasha Andolan. Yet it is necessary that “all” media organizations should solidly stand with this unique movement, as this is essential for their own existence as Oriya Media.

6Noted thinker and columnist on contemporary issues, Maha Meghabahan Aira Kharabela Swain came down heavily upon the government for its inability to give governance in the mother tongue of the people. The Assembly should have a Language Committee to monitor the working of the Language Law created by the Assembly, he stressed. He also criticized the media for mindlessly deforming Oriya words while reporting or anchoring. Editors should pay serious attention this severe threat to the beautiful Oriya language, he warned. Reflecting on Orissa’s national anthem BANDE UTKALA JANANI, he suggested that the present shape of the Anthem, which consumes lot of time in recitation, should be reduced to a precise form in order to make it more acceptable.

5President of Bhasha Andolan, Subartta editor, Bagmi Pradyumna Satpathy gave details of how illustrious personalities of Orissa have participated in the daily black flag demonstration in support of the movement’s demand for governance of Orissa in Oriya and declared that, the movement shall continue till the government creates law for punishment to whosoever contravenes the Official Language Act. He emphasized that, Bhasha Andolan has created a world record in movements of this type and except a tiny number of black sheep who want to fetch personal gains from the language-consciousness created by Bhasha Andolan, the entire population of the province is supporting this movement.

10Poet and Advocate Gajanan Mishra, whose ‘Fast onto Death’ in July 2015 demanding official action against non-use of Oriya as official language in courts and offices in Orissa had forced the government to create a Ministerial Committee to work out how the Official Language Act could be implemented, also spoke on this occasion. A black flag holder of Bhasha Andolan for several times, Mishra alleged that every office work in English is illegal, as the English Language is not a legal language of India, having not been placed in the 8th schedule of the Constitution.

8Eminent singer, Padmashree Prafulla Kumar Rath gave some anecdotes from his personal experience that showed how the incumbent chief minister is an embarrassment to language loving Oriyas. A black flag holder in both the phases of the movement, he expressed his complete support to the demands of Bhasha Andolan. He also opined that BANDE UTKALA JANANI should be shortened.

asit-mohantyEminent author and Editor of Pourusha, Asit Mohanty pledged that, he shall continue to support Bhasha Andolan physically and through his writings, the movement being entirely addressed to the unavoidability of mother tongue in management of the affairs of the people. Author Govinda Bhuyan also pledged his support.

9To the Editor of E.P.A. (Estern Press Agency) and its print editions, Anil Prasad Mishra, the Bhasha Andolan is sure to succeed, because it has partially succeeded in forcing the recalcitrant government to amend the Orissa Official Language Act for facilitating framing of the Rules, a provision which was absent in the Original Act and for provision of which the movement has been demanding. He cited the ancient Oriya axiom DHIRA PANI PATHARA KATE (Comparably similar to the axiom “Slow and steady wins the race”), to declare that the technique used by Bhasha Andolan is entirely flawless and absolutely effective. It has awakened the people of Orissa to the call of the mother tongue, he said while pledging his continuous support to the movement.

11Student of Journalism Debasis Raut called upon the students and youth to join the movement in order to free the mother tongue from English yoke.

12Chairman of Bhasha Andolan Subhas Chandra Pattanayak welcomed the suggestions advanced by Sri Soumya Ranjan Patnaik and Sri Aira Kharavela Swain, both of whom, besides being media stalwarts, are equipped with law making experience as Members of Parliament and founders respectively of Ama Odisha and Utkala Bharata, the two political parties addressed to the cause of Orissa, declaring that the Andolan leadership shall soon cogitate on their suggestions with utmost seriousness.

He gave an insight to the movement, describing it as an experimentation of mass power in activities of a few individuals dedicated to the cause of the people. Gandhiji’s method of non-violent peaceful movement, practiced successfully by Mandela and Martin Luther King is adopted here, though with a slight modification, he said. When Gandhji was using the masses as the base of his movement, the Bhasha Andolan is using a few individuals to awaken the masses, he maintained. Before Gandhi’s emergence, Indian masses were woken up to the need of independence from the British; but Bhasha Andolan is trying to wake up the people of Orissa to the need of independence from the language of the British, he clarified. This method is perfectly working, as people from all parts of Orissa are expressing their support to this movement. They are putting their support on records, in mainstream and social media, as well as by joining the black flag demonstration with prior appointments.

During the period of this movement maximum numbers of poems have been written in Oriya in support of Bhasha Andolan, which is great evidence of effectiveness of the movement, he pointed out. He warned the Chief Minister with the peculiarity of Oriya disposition, which, on historical evidence he said, once aroused, never takes rest till the aim is achieved. The movement shall take rest only after the law is amended to punish whosoever contravenes the Orissa Official Language Act and tries to damage the primacy and paramountcy of Oriya in administration and management of the affairs of the people of Orissa, he declared.

Eminent Editors such as Gopal Mohapatra (Prameya) and Manoranjan Mishra (Kanak News) were present on the occasion.

4Also present were eminent Oriya nationalist Debendra Prasad Das, Founder member of Bhasha Andolan and eminent columnist Tusarkanta Satpathy, Swadesh Kumar Das, Dr.Asit Das, Er. Chakradhar Mahanta, Govind Chandra Mahunta, Normal Kumar Behera, Vivekanand Dash, Lingaraj Mishra, Akula Chandra Nath, Bibhuti Patnaik, Nabakishore Pradhan, Ajay Kumar Jena, Commander Dasarathi Nandakishore, Bhagirathi Mahasuar, Natabar Khuntia, Ms. Sumitra Jena, Ms.Tanuja Das, Sabyasachi Satpathy, Dambarudhar Haransingh, Dr.Kulamani Nayak, Pradip Pradhan, Abdul Bari, Milan Kumar Paikray, Benudhar Harichandan, Ms.Rebati Nayak, Ms. Sunita Senapati, Ms. Anita Manjari Swain, Ruturaj Pattnaik, Ms. Bijaylaxmi Pradhan, Sangram Keshari Paikray, Pradip Kumar Sahu, Syed Abdul Kalam Azad, Ugrakantha Mishra, Ansuman Das, Niranjan Panda and Prof. Prakash Chandra Behera amongst others.

213When Sharanarabinda of Shabdasparsha conducted the function, Convener of Bhasha Andolan Pabitra Mohan Maharatha proposed vote of thanks.


Bhubaneswar Bureau

cover-of-bhasa-painCome 11.30 this forenoon, the first of its kind documentation on the world’s unique movement for governance of the Motherland in the mother tongue of the people, a printed presentation to contemporary history, will be released in the auditorium of Institute of Engineers, Bhubaneswar. It is captioned ‘Bhasha Pai’n Gana O Gana Madhyama’ (The People and the Press in support of the Mother Tongue). It depicts, according to its publisher ‘Shabdasparsha’, the pictorial activities of “Bhasha Andolan, Orissa” along with guiding articles published in print media.

Bhasha Andolan is a modified Gandhian movement conceived and formulated by ORISSA MATTERS Chief Subhas Chandra Pattanayak (Chairman of the movement) and executed by dedicated people of Orissa under the leadership of Subartta editor Pradyumna Satpathy (President), Media Consultant Pabitra Mohan Maharatha (Convenor) and columnist Tusarkanta Satpathy (Coordinator). Journalist Sagar Satpathy is one of its founders.

Four eminent Oriyas with ‘Black Flags’ and placards in their hands march silently on the chest-zone of Orissa Government everyday at 5pm from the State Assembly , where the statue of the late lamented Chief Minister Nabakrushna Chowdhury reminds of the man, who had given Orissa the legal right to be governed in Oriya by framing the Orissa Official Language Act in 1954 and proceeds to the statue of Kulagaurav Madhusudan Das erected in front of the Governor’s House, without contravention of any law and disturbance to the flow of traffic. Madhu Sudan Das, popularly called with reverence as Madhubabu, was the main force behind creation of Orissa as the first linguistic province of India.

The silent ‘Black Flags’ of ‘Bhasha Andolan, Orissa’ have become the symbol of liberation war of the people of Orissa, who are perishing under an administration that runs in English Language, despite English not being a constitutionally valid language.

The Oriyas are a very ancient nation with a rich vocabulary recognized as such by the First Linguistic Survey of India, which had unambiguously reported that, “neither Telugu nor Bengali nor Hindi can vie with it”. This unique “Finest Race” (Gandhiji had thus described the Oriyas, while supporting their movement for amalgamation of all Oriya speaking tracks) was the first to have raised a battle to oust the British from their soil. The British was afraid of getting ejected out of the soil, where it had not only saw the matchless valor of its warrior class, but also had the first experience of non-cooperation movement. The British Judicial Officer – who was in charge of prosecuting the rebellious Oriyas – W. Forrester had rightly reported to the British authorities that the “disposition” of the Oriyas is such that “neither Military nor Police can suppress” their challenge to the British. The same “disposition” is witnessed in the ‘Black Flag’ march of the Bhasa Andolan.

The attached poem of Subhas Chandra Pattanayak, author of the movement’s anthem ‘JANMANI JANMANI BHASHA JANANI’ is meant to warn the government of anglocised mentality and anti-Oriya attitude about what to happen if the movement’s demand for punishment to whosoever contravenes the Orissa Official Language Act and subjects official business to English language, is not fulfilled.

Here is the poem: sarakar-husiar

Governance of Orissa in Oriya: A Poet’s warning to Orissa Chief Minister

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak
Noted social activist Govindchandra Satpathy has sent us yet another poem in support of the ongoing movement for governance of Orissa in Oriya. In this poem, he has warned Orissa’s Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik to be ready to face elimination of his rule, if he fails to amend the law to punish whosoever contravenes Orissa Official Language Act, 1954.
Here is his poem:chetabani

Government Lawyers should be made answerable

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Government of Orissa is unable to recover its dues to the tune of at least Rs.65, 000 crores; because, the tax evaders are protected with stay orders issued by various courts. In many cases, the stay is continuing for more than seven years, giving the offenders judicial protection when the Exchequer is starving. This could not have been possible, had the government lawyers acted in right earnest.

Sources indicate that Orissa’s contribution to litigations is immense inasmuch as about a crore of cases are pending in various stages in lower courts to Orissa High Court to the Apex Court and Tribunals, out of which more than 50% cases are having the government as a party. In other words, the government of Orissa is a party to about 50 lakh cases, for which government lawyers are engaged. Huge sums of money are paid to them from the State exchequer. But seldom the government wins, when private parties opposite to government are able to keep the State action stayed to their own advantage by gaining over the government lawyers and also win as the government lawyers, hand-in-glove with them, manage the cases in such manners that the government fails.

This is happening because; the government lawyers are not answerable to the people even though they get sumptuously paid from the State exchequer.
When the government has appointed the lawyer to whom payment is being made from the public exchequer, it should tell the people as to why it lost a recent case, whereby thousands of Thalassemia and other transmission dependent patients of Orissa are threatened with non-availability of safe blood. The government lawyer seems not to have properly apprised the Orissa High Court of the appropriate steps the State has taken to supply safe blood to the patients.

A private case created a history

A lawyer of a private case had defeated the government lawyer that created a new chapter in the history of benevolent judgments. The Orissa High Court became the first Court in India to locate the reason of spread of AIDS through blood received from Government Blood Banks. And it is the High Court that issued the FIRST ever guiding judgment in India for screening of every unit of blood in NAT process to save the people from TTIs. This was in W.P. ( C ) No.13441 of 2009 decided on 29.8.2011.

In this case, the father of a three years old boy had moved the High Court for compensation on the ground that his son was suffering from serious HIV infection after taking the blood from the BMC Hospital Blood Bank, Bhubaneswar on an operation table.

both-sides-of-bloodOn the basis of well researched pleadings of his lawyer Mrs. Sujata Jena, the Court could be able to locate the “window period” of HIV virus that escaped detection in the methods in vogue at that time in Orissa.

Jena’s client had suffered the infection as the dreaded virus had escaped detection in the deficient method.

On being convinced of this, the Court had issued direction to the State to “ensure” installation of advanced scientific screening “method” “in all the blood banks” “to identify the virus of HIV during window period”. NAT is this method , which the State has installed in four major blood banks in June this year.

During this period from August 2011 to June 2016, Orissa Government has often been stymied by a pack of bureaucrats to whom orders of the court is often anathema. Yet, the state leadership – both political and executive – has tried to honor the High Court order. It has not challenged the direction in the Supreme Court; has paid the compensation to the victim as was ordered by the High Court, and finally has implemented the Court’s most humanitarian order in part by installing the method in all the four major blood banks : three in the Government Medical College Hospitals and one in the Capital Hospital. The Health Minister has told the Assembly that the method shall be installed in all the blood banks of Orissa in phased manner.

Avaricious litigation

orissa-high-court-598x330But, after installation of NAT method, avaricious litigation has led to collapse of its operation, possibly because, the government case was not placed properly before Orissa High Court. In judgment on W.P.( C ) 18679 of 2016, the Court has though it “just and proper to allow opposite party No,3 to continue till the end of October, 2016”. This opposite party No.3 is M/s Roche Diagnostics India Pvt. Ltd (hereinafter Roche) when the State of Orissa represented through the Health Secretary is opposite party No.1 and State Blood Transfusion Council is OP No.2. The petitioner in this case is Hemogenomics Pvt. Ltd (hereinafter Hemogenomics).

Perfect performance

Mandarins in the health department claim that, selection of Roche was strictly as per the noble intention of the government to honor the 2011 direction of the High Court and to supply safe blood to patients on the basis of NAT screening. The NAT machines installed by Roche were the best of the two contestants as determined by the Technical Evaluation Committee and those machines have detected as many as 106 instances of HIV, HBV, HCV in the samples tested during the period from the days of installation to September 2016, which, otherwise, could have carried the dreaded viruses into the bodies of more than three hundred patients. From the verdict delivered on 18.8.2016, it nowhere transpires that the government lawyer had apprised the Court of this splendid performance, when claim of Hemogenomics that its product was the “latest” had created scope for proving the correctness of the choice of the government with this statistics.

Efficiency Vrs year of making

Efficiency of two different machines manufactured by two different companies cannot be determined on the basis of manufacturing year. One of my computers manufactured in 2014 is working more efficiently than another manufactured in 2016. This is because; they are manufactured by two different companies. A manufacturer uses such technology that another manufacture may take decades to develop. Many mobile phone manufacturers are trying even today to reach the standard of efficiency of an apple mobile phone manufactured five years ago. So year of manufacturing or the “latest” in market cannot be linked to efficiency when the manufacturers are different.

Here, when Hemogenomics claims its product to be the “latest” on the basis of the year of manufacture, the government lawyer should have defended the government with this universal reality. But he did not do it, even though the Technical Evaluation Report was very much before him that had made it clear that, the said company had failed to support its claim of efficiency. It noted in matter of Hemogenomics that, “There is no supporting document related to performance effective such as HIV2 detection by the system quoted in the system. There is no user report publication to support their claim for HIV2 detection from India”.

The other points of rejection of the technical bid of Hemogenomics are also very relevant; such as:
Requirements stipulated in the tender notice were USFDA and DCGI and CE-IVD certification. Except the last one, Hemogenomics had not placed the rest. So, the Committee had clearly mentioned that “there is no approval from USFDA and DCGI for testing platform for the systems and kits quoted in the tender”. Moreover, records obtained through RTI show that, out of five objects having ‘Declaration of Conformity’, only one item had received the import license. This was a major reason of disqualification of the technical bid of Hemogenomics, of which the government lawyer seems not to have appraised the court.

Hemogenomics had informed the government that it had installed the system in AIIMS, New Delhi. It had submitted a certificate to this extent from Faculty In Charge, Main Blood Bank, AIIMS, New Delhi. This certificate is captioned “To Whom It May Concern”, which means, it is a stray certificate. Interestingly, it seems to have been issued in private capacity, in Hemogenomics’ business interest. Had it not been so, it should have the official dispatch number. Therefore, perhaps, it had no accompanying support documents. The Technical Committee has clearly noted, “There is one installation report for the system at AIIMS, New Delhi. However, there is no supporting document in the form of award contact, their proforma invoice/supply order and user report/customer feedback report for the system quoted in the tender”.

But this vital information seems not to have taken any role in determination of the case.

Thus, when the efficiency of its “latest” equipment was not proven by Hemogenomics, in approving the offer of Roche unanimously, the Committee had noted that its “Systems and Assay meet all the specification and requirements”.

On the above basis, the government lawyer could have defended the government and countered the rejected company’s mischief of linking manufacturing year to “latest” technology. He did not do it, as one gets the impression from the verdict itself.

In rejecting Hemogenomics, the Technical Evaluation Committee had relied upon the stipulation in tender call notice that the first preference of choice shall be the manufacturer. When Roche is the manufacturer of the machine it offered, Hemogenomics is not. So, there was no scope for the Technical Committee to entertain Hemogenomics. This was one of other valid points noted in the Technical Evaluation Report. It seems, the government lawyer has not convinced the Court on this aspect.

However, the Court having decided to leave the issue to the wisdom of the Technical Committee, was pleased to direct the government to evaluate the papers afresh, in its judgment on 18.8.2016. The Court had fixed October 31 as the last date for completion of this exercise that implied that machines found suitable after such fresh evaluation must have to be functional on or before October 31.

The patients badly depending on blood transfusion, specifically the Thalassemia patients , who thieve on frequent transmissions , were to be severely affected by the same order if the government failed to complete the process of fresh evaluation and to make installation of new machines complete and functional or continuation of the existing systems absolute on fresh evaluation by October 31.

Promptness was the need

In view of this extraordinary situation, the government lawyer should have promptly contacted the government with the copy of the judgment and advised the government to proceed immediately to implement the said judgment, as several thousands of Thalassemia patients of Orissa, besides very many numbers of critically ill patients for whom blood transfusion is the only way to survive, were threatened with denial of safe blood after October 31.

But the government lawyer did not do it.

After lapse of about two months, in the first week of October, the court order was sent to the government from the Advocate General’s office with advice to move the Supreme Court against the Order, instead of advice for prompt implementation of the order!

According to sources, severely threatened by possible stoppage of availability of safe blood after October 31, parents of some Thalassemia patients have moved the High Court, seeking order for continuation of supply of safe blood to them.

What is going to happen is unfathomable now. Had case of the government been properly espoused, the Thalassemia patients might not have fallen in such unprecedented predicament.

Action Suggested

Appointment of government lawyers is mostly political appointment. When they are paid heavily for their work, government suffers defeat in majority of cases. General perception is that, government is mostly sabotaged by its own lawyers. It is time, therefore, for the government to make people know every details of qualification and efficiency of its lawyers, their experience and expertise, the number of cases they help the government win, the time consumed in cases involving the government and the lawyers’ daily activities in matter of the cases et cetera.

Over and above this, whether or not the government lawyer in this particular case has acted truthfully needs be investigated into by the Law Secretary. The matter is serious. The Court has directed the Government to evaluate the tender afresh and complete the process by end of October, up to which, on the body of the verdict, the Roche system was permitted to work. This means, thousands of Thalassemia and other terminally ill patients requiring blood transfusion to survive are left to no other option than accepting unsafe blood that may cause them HIV, HBV, HCV infections. Had the Government lawyer helped the Government with copy of the judgment immediately after delivery of the judgment, the Government could have immediately evaluated the bids afresh and ensured non-stop supply of safe blood by new systems or continuation of the existing system, the way the fresh evaluation could have determined. But, blatant negligence to duty on part of the government lawyer has resulted in no evaluation to solve the problem before the end of October. This has pushed thousands of people into uncertainty and danger to their lives. Responsibility needs be fixed. Action against the concerned government lawyer, if found negligent or dishonest, needs be taken promptly on the ground of playing havoc with people’s life.

Oriya Language created Orissa and therefore Orissa must be ruled by Oriya Language

odia language

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik seems to have developed a wrong notion that governance of Orissa in Oriya depends upon his mercy. His press-note of December 17 and full page display advertisement in major broadsheets of today force us to arrive at this apprehension.

In his December 17 press note it was declared that he had held a meeting with the five members of the ministerial committee on that day for the purpose of “strictly implementing the Orissa Official Language Act, 1954 in official and non-official level” to facilitate which a website has been floated by the government. In the full page multi-color advertisement in broadsheet dailies today, this is intriguingly missing.

The advertisement is designed to tell the people that Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has taken historical steps to save and develop Oriya language, and has enumerated the steps he has taken. This is blatant lie. Neither he nor his government has executed any single item claimed to be “historical” in the official advertisement. The entire advertisement is nothing but false propaganda. What a shame it is, that, the people of Orissa are taken for granted by their Chief Minister! Read more →

Navakalevara: Legends and reality

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

Legends are the most misguiding mischief aimed at superimposing lies on reality so that indigenous people of an occupied land are kept too dazzled to see the dark face of the rulers and the class of exploiters can keep its victims subjugated to its authority, while forcing them to forget the heroic history of evolution of their own philosophy of life, their own splendid spiritual realizations, their own socio-economic uniqueness, their own ancient culture, their own valorous past, their own way of social integration and their own civilization.

We see this mischief galore in the context of Navakalevara of SriJagannatha.

So, here, we are to rip apart the legends and bring the reality of the Navakalevara to light, as thereby alone we can reach the lost uniqueness of the people of Orissa.

We will use Puri Sankaracharya’s self-proclaimed authority over Navakalevara to proceed with our purpose.

  Read more →

Samaja in Maze of Forgery: Two former Ministers of Orissa – Lingaraj Mishra & Radhanath Rath forged the WILL of Gopabandhu; Both benefitted till their death; SoPS continues to Loot

Subhas Chandra Pattanayak

The Oriya daily SAMAJA founded by late Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das, to which, out of their love and reverence for the great humanitarian leader, the people of Orissa had and have been giving their financial and moral support, is in a menacing maze of forgery and loot.

Sadly, two of Gopabandhu’s trusted men – Lingaraj Mishra and Radhanath Rath – who, because of being known so, had the opportunity of becoming cabinet ministers in Orissa, were the masterminds and/or makers of the forgery from which the paper is yet to be salvaged.

Both of them – Lingaraj and Radhanath – had partnered with each other in forging the last WILL of Gopabandhu to grab the Samaja, which being Gopabandhu’s paper was of superb credibility and the greatest political instrument of the day. They had performed this crime behind the screen of and in nexus with Servants of the People Society (SoPS), of which, while breathing his last, Gopabandhu was the Vice-President. Read more →